NURSE G. LEATHAM*. B.R.C.H.Atherton Street, New Brighton (1):LETTER to Pte BERTIE HIBBETT, 95, Foden Rd Walsall.
20th June 1917.
My Dear Hibbett,
Very many thanks for your photograph & the card you sent with it – it was just like you to do something out of the common.
Beck (2) told me that you had a job close your home now (3). I’m so glad that you were so lucky & I hope you’ll keep it till the end of the War – that is, of course if the work is congenial.
We have only four empty beds here now – some (new patients) are Canadians (4) – but I don’t think there is anybody from your part of the world.
I haven’t found another artist yet, so I have to print my own labels etc. but I’m glad to say I have not run short of the Engagement Lists (5) yet – I should not like to come down to written ones again!
I remember you asked in your letter for all the news of the King’s visit (6)– I cannot tell you very much as none of the staff went over to Fazakerley (7)– only the patients.
They started very early in the morning & went over in motors & ambulances & then had to stand for about two hours until the Queen came. The King was not with her – she passed by all the men & spoke to one or two who were in front of our patients – then they came home.
All the people here are well. Sister (8) is away for a week & Matron* has a bad cold. I have been off with a bad septic throat – but fortunately it has made up its mind to leave me in peace.
Will you be coming up here for your summer holidays?(9).
I hope you and Mrs Hibbett are keeping well.
What pictures are you painting now if you have any spare time? The Dining Hall still looks O.K. (10).
‘Only four empty beds’. With the beginning of the 3rd Battle of Ypres the pressure on Hospitals back Home was mounting.
Nurse Leatham seems to have had an administrative post; maybe she is the Nurse in the photo above labelled ‘Quarter Master’ – probably in charge of Patient appointments & Nurses’ rotas, as well as stocks. She is obviously missing my father’s artistic & calligraphy skills; he had made himself very useful in the nine months he had spent at The Cenacle.
(1) Address ‘B.R.C.H.Atherton Street’ – not found as separate Red Cross Hospital – most likely a Cenacle extension, to accommodate increasing numbers of wounded in the battles of 1917.
(2) Corporal J. Beck: 1/10th Liverpool Scottish Regt.,one of the 5 friends who shared Ward 10 at the Cenacle from July, 1916. Note in Pte Bertie’s Autograph Album: ‘J. Beck underwent 10 operations‘ on his arm, presumably at Fazakerley Hospital, Liverpool).
(3) ‘A job close your home’: My father may have continued his mining surveyor apprenticeship with Mr C.F. Nightingale, Lichfield Street, Walsall, the year before entering Lichfield Theological College, in1918.
(4) Canadian Expeditionary Force. C.E.F. Canadiansarriving at The Cenacle by 20th June 1917, may have been wounded in Battle of Messines 7-14th June, one of opening battles of 3rd Battle of Ypres.
NB Many UK emigrants to Canada (including perhaps men of my mother’s family) returned immediately War broke out, to serve in their local regiments. Others joined the C.E.F. In the Battle of Arras they captured the notorious Vimy Ridge 9th-12th April, 1917. (10,000 killed and wounded). My father fought there with the South Staffords in 1916. Hibbett Letters: 13th; 26th March; 2nd;14th;16th April 1916.
The Vimy Ridge Memorial commemorates 11,285 Canadianskilled in WW1 who have no known grave.
An awesome sight, set high on the lofty hill to draw eye & foot from miles around, the Memorial was designed by Walter Seymour Allward (Canadian sculptor) & erected on land ceded to Canada by France in 1922.
5) Engagement List: Red Cross volunteers’ names with dates of engagement. [Ida Neal Hibbett’s Red Cross Record gives her date as 1/09/1918]
(6) King George Vth & Queen Mary of Teckvisited Red Cross Hospitals in France & UK during WW1.
A Short History of South Staffordshire Regiment:‘After a month’s hard earned rest S. Staffs began to prepare for the Battle of the Somme.’
1/5th SOUTH STAFFORDS WAR DIARY:
2nd May Tue: Battalion Training. 3rd May: Wed. 9.45 am: Marched to new billets at CONETTEMONT and HONVAL. 4th May Thur 7.0 am: Marched to new billets at ST. AMAND (1).
5th May Fri: 1.30 pm: Marched to FONQUEVILLERS (2) and relieved 1/6th Bn ROYAL WARWICKSHIRE REGT in L SECTOR Trenches.
6th- 7th May: FONQUEVILLERS. Enemy abnormally quiet.8th May Mon: Enemy fired 10 Trench mortar bombs between No.1 and 2 posts. Our artillery retaliated on enemy front line.
9th May Tue.: Enemy shelled No. 4 post. 1 Lewis Gun damaged and portion of parapet damaged. 10th May Wed:Very quiet day.
Pte BERTIE HIBBETT’sOwn War Diary:A Little Book of Words & Doings’. May 3rd – May 31st. ‘Sydney went to 6 Syndicate for School of Instruction at 3 Army Corp & returned. Very instructive lesson. Spends his 22nd Birthday there & received parcels from Home on Sunday.He sent two large photos of Abbeville Cathedral. Bomb courses, amo courses, attack runs etc.’
‘On Friday, (5th May) at Stand To & Stand Down, I heard our friend the cuckoo calling as if to say Come to England:- ‘Blighty co-om’. It was heard in our Reserve of the village of Fonquevillers in the wood. How transporting to the good old days in England.’
‘While in trenches I drew sketch of Gommecourt Wood (3) in Fonquevillers and composed ‘Sniper Atkins’ (4). More observingand taking notes than firing from Sunday May 6th.
‘Sketched position.Man, wearing no equipment & carrying no rifle, seen to come down enfilade trench towards first line trenches, disappear in shrubbery & appear again walking apparently on top of parados of first line trenches, seen then to carry a white can similar to gallon can by hand, tall trees in front, making towards silver birch tree. Later he returned without the can & went up trench towards enfilade trench.
Quarter of an hour later two men appeared in front trenches, running below in front, crossing each other one went to right & disappeared & one went left. From S.B. (5), when walking about below, the whole of the figures of the men from the knee could be seen. [Ed. NB. enfilade trench is where weapons can be fired along its longest axis. Parados – the back of a trench & lined with sandbags.]
LETTER to HIBBETT FAMILY, 95 Foden Rd Walsall.
Wednesday, May 10th/ 16.
There’s a silver lining through the dark cloud shining, Turn the dark cloud inside out, till the boys come home (6).
My Dear People,
On Monday (8th) morning Sydney’s parcel, with the watch in, had been opened by A.O. Jones*who is in Sydney’s Platoon & was with him & slept by him.Sydneymust have left word to Jones to forward on theparcels etc, if he found his address, but someone told Jones that he had not received a certain parcelwhich had been forwarded to him (it had been mislaid I suppose)so Jones is keeping the watch for Sydney. I took the cake& tin(a nice tin for a parcel).
This morning the Railway Magazine (7) with the washing square came & was handed to me. I am keeping them in my haversack until Sydney returns, which I think will not be more than 3 weeks now.
There are only about 6 men in No 2 Platoon who have been on Active Service since the Division came out in March/ 15.So if I should get leave before Sydney returns I will leave his things with Jones. I had Harold’s parcel of candles, Horlick’s Milk Tablets & ointmentwhich was addressed to 3rd Field Ambulance am yesterday. Did you post the parcelyou sent on Saturday April 2th to 3rd Field Ambulance?– the one you said had eggsin? That makes the second which will have gone astray if it does not arrive soon.
I read Dodger’s letters to Sydney (you don’t mind do you Dodger?) & was greatly interested in them, but I think you beat me in scribbling. The first thing I noticed was the ‘Censoring’ & was amused to read you had the same idea.
I have had another swanky letter with seals on the envelope & paper – the latter came from Mr Bates*, who was in the Inns of Court OTC (8) – Vernon* told me that rotten officers were being turned out by its training – at any rate Mr Bateswas gazettedlast November to the Durham Light Infantry& he is now at Rugeley Camp, Cannock Chase (9).
I have not written to Nightingale*(10) since last December,as you said his letter had been returned when it did not reach me, owing to me being in Hospital.
I think the ‘Dark Cloud’ is drifting by and the sunshine of Home Leave is showing itself. ‘They’ say the number has increased to 12 men a day on leave. I hope I shall not bhoy (sic) you up on false hopes – ahem!
So, so very, very sorry Sydney is away for the sake of your Birthday parcels for him,but I think if you address the parcels to where he isNo 6 Syndicate, 3rd Army School of Instruction (Infantry) B.E.F. it will find him.What do you think? I hope in any case matters will come straight & he will not miss them.
I am detached from 2 Platoon while in these trenches, for I am a Schniper (sic) as you know. I do not do much firing – well I have not fired a shot yet as my post, which is a ‘cushi’ one, is for observation purposes chiefly, as we can see the enemy often. I make out reports & am on a ‘sketch’ of the enemy line. You see the Sergeant in charge has somehow found out my natural inclinations.
Mrs Brookes*’ parcelof cigsfrom London has not yet come, but I suppose, as Jones* told me Parcelsdo ‘drawback’ for sometimes a month before they arrive.(Jones frequently has a wholesome lot of cigs– Export or Drawback ) (11).
Mr Bates*, by the by, had a brother, a Regular in the Inniskilling Dragoons & he was killed in March at the place along the line we are now occupying. So if Dad asks Nightingale* or Bates*, should Dad see either, you can get to know.
We have had it charmingly quiet & comfortable while we’ve been here. The country looks ‘Bon’ in the Spring atmosphere. Am I telling you anything about me sen? I am keeping well & happy & my sores are very nearly better.I think it was the Spring, partly, that caused them.
Talking about Spring again;you have heard the old saying that Springbrings with it ‘Budding’ in every form, not only in trees & such things but ‘Budding Authors’ & ‘Budding Poets‘. The latter class includes this humble self. I caught the fever from copying a piece of ‘doggerel’ from one of Hacket’s* chums in his Mess.
So, during my hours off, I began to compose a poem onSniping, just for a joke. To see if I get any luck I am sending the result off to The Walsall Observer, (which Dad refers to as ‘not up to much in news’ & only gets it to read the Education Notes etc).
So look out for a poem in its columns entitled ‘Sniper Atkins’.I think I shall tell them not to put my name to it, but say that it wascomposed by a Sniper in the 1/5th S. StaffsT. F. Ha! ha! ha! Poor old Dad when he sees it!Look out & tell me what you think on’t.I will send you a copy in my next letter. Of course it’s original.What, what!
Now is there anything else to tell you, scratch!- scratch!- scratch my noddle — no!
Toodle oo & Best of Love, Affectionately yours,
PS My word Dodger,you & I will stick ‘we’ mouths togedder (sic) with Turkish Delight when we go cycling round those good old places which you gave such a homely description of.
‘To CAMWELL FOR BANANAS’. (12)
‘To Tamworth (13)- had a drink of stone ginger & Turkish Delight’.
PS I will address my next to Ida as she takes an interest in poems – I suppose you’ll be amused at the crossing out – the Censor so to speak. My last letter was sent on Monday, dated Sun. Hope you get it.
With Pte Bertie Hibbett only just arrived back from Field Ambulance/ Hospital and his brother Serjeant Sydney on a course in (or near) Abbeville, the Hibbett family were anxious about the safe arrival of parcels, especially Sydney’s 22nd Birthday Parcel containing a watch.
My father was officially detailed to make sketches of Gommecourt Wood. He brought a copy Home and kept it for over 50 years until, sadly, it disappeared after a Toc H. Exhibition in Skegness. I have yet to discover whether his illustrated doggerel ‘Sniper Atkins’ was ever published in the Walsall Observer.
1) A march of 40 miles (65 km)approx to Fonquevillers from Chelers, via Canettemont, Honval & St Amand (farming villages, Pas de Calais). (2) Fonquevillers: farming commune, 12 miles south of Arras. On British Front Line almost all of 1914- 1918. Village & Church of Our Lady destroyed & rebuilt with help of Derby & Nottingham. Plaque to ‘Derby Notre Marraine’ ‘Derby our Godmother‘.
(3) Gommecourt: farming village approx. 1 mile south of Fonquevillers, held by German Imperial Army (52nd Infantry Division, Baden & 2nd Guards Reserve Division, Westphalia). Diversionary attack by 1/5th S Staffords, 46th N. Midland Division, 1st July 1916. <www.ww1battlefields.co.uk>
(6) There’s a Silver Lining through the Dark Clouds shining: WW1 Song:‘Keep the Home Fires Burning’.Ivor Novello, Words: Lena Guilbert Ford.8th Oct. 1914.
(7) Railway Magazine:See Hibbett Letter, 10th Nov. 1915. (8) Inns of Court O.T.C.:Harold Hibbett was intending to join.
(9) Rugeley Camp, Cannock Chase: one of two large Transit Camps for Service Battalions begun March 1915 at Cannock Chase(68 acres (AONB) Staffordshire). Timber huts, a Church, Post Office, Theatre – and a Hospital at Brindley Heath (1000 beds). Known for its ‘Tackaroo Railway’.(10) Nightingale: Mining Surveyor, Lichfield Street, Walsall, Pte Bertie’s former boss.
(10) ‘Export & Drawback Cigarettes’: ref to drawback/taxrelief: cf Houses of Parliament Hansard: 14th March 1916: The Secretary to the Treasury(re delay in payment of drawback on tobacco to manufacturers. ‘The recent increase in tobacco drawback rates involving special inquiry into many claims submitted, combined with heavy & continuous increase in numbers of exportations, particularly those by parcel post to the Expeditionary Forces, has led to some unavoidable delay in the full payment of claims’.
(11) Camwell: near Sutton Coldfield. Church of St Giles, Mary & All Saints ‘an architectural gem’, Sir John Betjemin.
(12) Tamworth: large market town on River Tame, 14 miles from Birmingham/ renowned for Castle. See Hibbett Letter. 1st Aug. 1915.
NEXT POST: 17th May. Sydney’s 22nd Birthday Letter. Also Sniper Atkins Page with doggerel transcript sometime before.
The WW1 Letters and Drawings of Private Bertie Hibbett, 1/5th South Staffordshire Regiment, to his family in Walsall, will be posted again, one hundred years on, from August 1914 to November 1918, by his daughter Elizabeth Hibbett Webb. The first posting will be the Recruitment Postcard sent by Queen Mary's Grammar School Headmaster to the Hibbett family on holiday in Abergele, Wales.