Tag Archives: Walsall Tame Valley Range.


South Staffordshire Badgee1/5th SOUTH STAFFORDS WAR DIARY


21st- 31st May: Battalion Training. In Rest Billets.


Bertie HibbettPte BERTIE HIBBETT: LETTER to MARIE NEAL & ARTHUR HIBBETT, 95 Foden Rd Walsall. 

‘Yea and slew mighty Kings, for his mercy endureth for ever’.  Psalm 136. (2)

‘For the Lord be high, yet he hath respect unto the lowly; as for the proud he beholdeth them afar off’.  Psalm 138.

I am not alone, because the Father is with me’. ‘I will pray the Father for you, for the Father himself loveth you’. (3) Gospel for:- 5th Sunday after Easter.  May 28/ 16.

My Dear Mother & Father,

I guessed it was Empire Day (4) on Wednesday when I sent you my ‘Doggerel Illustrated’ – one copy,  whichever you choose, was for Miss Foster.

Photographer in a water-logged trench lined with hurdles. <http://www.gettyimages.co.uk&gt;

After a long day’s work in a big wood, making hurdles for trenches, I came back rather tired with the expectation of the parcel you told me to look out for. 

Lo! what a pleasure indeed to find it when I returned, just in time for a comfy luxurious Sunday tea; I washed my sweaty hands, wood stained through chopping, & then took the parcel into a neighbouring field & there I did enjoy the things – and so fulfilled your wish.


You remembered it seemed, that I love those ginger cakes with icing on top. Are they  any dearer now?  Bates* used to have them for lunch & send me to Pathesons (5) for them.  Many thanks for the favourite chocolates & the very acceptable and ‘suitablelime juice pastilles; both Dodger & you still remember what I like in confectionery.

So also the DUCKY eggs which I am keeping to enjoy for tomorrow’s breakfast. After a thirsty day the Pineapple chunks were deliciousThank you for the notepaper. Could you send some envelopes with the next lot?

Now, dear Mum, the thought of those sketches in Fragments of France (6) more particularly the wording underneath, did enter my mind as vulgarLieut Sanger* told me he (Bairnsfather) had been libelled for one of his sketches.

Sniper Atkins A.H.Hibbett. May 1916.
Sniper Atkins: A.H.Hibbett. May 1916.

I do hope you will not think my pictures, illustrating that poem of mine, are vulgar also, but mine are chiefly originals.

You will recognise one or two of them as copies from Fragments of France. One of the Snipers had it sent to himThe features in my pictures are similar to Bairnsfather’s.  What do you think of the verses? I wrote to Miss Bore* last night & sent her a copy.


I had two lovely letters from Miss K.E. Brookes* from Malvern & today the parcel of cigarettes, (which were from Samudas (7) & first intended for me & which Miss Brookes said had been returned to her, for what reason she did not say) came with your parcels & were readdressed to Sydney and I had his lot. Miss Brookes sent me a PC of Malvern also; they are doing their bit well I think.

Yes I ‘compris’ your meaning  of the amusing display of swank and ‘offishness’.  Do you read the texts at the top of my letters?see what I have written about the ‘Proud’ in today’s Psalms.

www.historic-uk.comempiredaycelebrationsEmpire Day generally turns out sunny.  We had it sunny too. You were all alone you said, see that part of  the Gospel I particularly thought of you when I read it & the text has been mine before the war & since.

I was very, very pleased indeed to hear that Sydney got his birthday parcels on the very day.  I have written twice since he left me. Once on his birthday & one previous, which I hoped he would get on the dayDo you know Mum, between we selves, I think the reason Sydney has gone in for the Course of Armoury (8) (and in hopes to be an Armoury Sergeant) is to get out of the way of these new draft officers. But excepting Lieut Sanger* of course, who wished he had Sydney as his Platoon Sergeant.  Sanger is over us now – 2 Platoon. I remembered you to him & he often asks me concerning you both.

I had a nice long letter from Auntie (Pattie) about Military Sunday (9). She said she could not help, with others, feeling sad at the sight of so many soldiers – not so much of those particular soldiers, but it reminded her of the War.

Rats: & Rat catcher WW1.
French Rats,  Rat Catcher & dog.  WW1.

There are not so many rats in this barn, why I can’t say.  I have not seen one yet. The sketch I drew of ‘A night attack repulsed’ is typical of a usual night’s rest in the last barns previous to these.

www sparticus-education
<www sparticus-educational.com>

Oh Auntie doesn’t know yet that Ida is away doing farm work & she said how pleased matters turned out for Basil, he could go out with IdaSo is Basil full up with Wednesday afternoons now like Sydney & I were?  Does he go firing at Tame Valley Range? (10).

You can write long letters Mummy but do they interfere with your ‘business’? Yes I told you in my last that the (cooker) refill arrived safely.  Apparently you did not get my last Sunday green letter before Wednesday. You would get it on Thursday I guess rightly eh?

How queer that you should be thinking of the same subject as I have been thinking about this last week & today even. No I have not a stripe yet, I still class as a ‘Tommy’.

The Soldier’s Friend. Pearl Plate Paste.

You need not send me any money thank you very much MummyI should only spend it on things which you could send me in parcels, for instance I want some Soldier’s Friend’ a kind of ‘Perka’ (sic) (11), only in tins, for brightening my buttons.

I will close now with my Best Love to all.  B.

PS  I saw Ball* yesterday morning since his return from Leave.  He told me he met a ‘Lady’ in Lichfield & that he went into Father’s Office (12). I offered him a few chocolates at tea time. I guess your ear would burn at tea time for I guess we were, both sides of the water, enjoying a nice Sunday’s tea.

God bless you all.  Bertie.



Both Serjeant Sydney & Bertie Hibbett, still a ‘Tommy’, had yet to hear about their application for Commission in 1/5th & 3/5th South Staffords, respectively. It appears the ‘new draft of officers’ displayed ‘swank and ‘offishness‘ – a proud lot, not to be compared with those who came out with the Staffords in 1914.  From this letter we learn that my father was worried his Mother might think his ‘Sniper Atkins’ ‘vulgar’. Also that Ida’s new voluntary work was in the Women’s Land Army, a decision she had kept from her Mother.

Lucheux Castle entrance. en wiki
Lucheux Castle entrance. <en-wiki.org>

(1) Lucheuxmedieval villageapprox.13 miles from the Front. Place for rest & training – with a 48th Field Ambulance (37th Division) Hospital. Here the 137th (Staffordshire) & 138th (Lincoln & Leicester) Brigades (46th Division) created a large scale model of German Lines at Gommecourt for Battle Practice. French farmers called the 46th Division ‘Les autres Bosches’ for taking up valuable arable land. Lucheux Woods were exploited for cutting sapplings for hurdles & ‘revetments‘ (trench supports). See Gerald GliddonSomme 1916 A Battlefield Companion. 2012.

(2) Psalms for 28th Day, Evening Prayer (Book of Common Prayer) are again applied by Pte Bertie to comfort his family & make sense of his life. (3) I am not alone/ the Father loveth you: Gospel of John, 16.32.

www.historic-uk.comempiredaycelebrations(4Empire Day: celebration of British, Empire 24th May 1904 -1958. Inspired by Earl Meath (friend of Baden Powell). To remind children that ‘They  formed part of the British Empire, and that they might think with others in lands across the sea, what it meant to be sons and daughters of such a glorious Empire.”, and that “The strength of the Empire depended upon them, and they must never forget it.” <http://www.historic-uk.com&gt;

(5) ‘Pathesons’: Walsall Bakery?  Bates* could be Bertie Hibbett’s former supervisor in Mining Surveyor’s Office, Lichfield Street, Walsall. (6) Fragments of France: Captain Bruce Bairnsfather. Published in The Bystander. 1916.<http://brucebairnsfather.org.uk&gt; & Hibbett Letter: 17th May 1916. (7) ‘Samudas: familiar name in Walsall/ Birmingham area. No direct reference found. 

(8) Armoury Course: oldest trade in British Army /maintenance & repair of small arms & weapons systems. Details outlined in ‘Instructions for Armourers’, 1897. <http://www.rifleman.org.uk/instructions&gt;.

(9) Military Sunday: national Fund Raising Day for Soldiers? (10) Tame Valley: South of Tamworth on Staffordshire/Warwickshire border. Firing Range for Army/ O.T.C. Queen Mary’s School Walsall. (11) ‘Perkatext unclear/ could be ‘Perika‘/ brand name for cleaning polish?

Post card new town Hall, Walsall 1905.
Post Card: New Town Hall, Walsall 1905.

(12) Town Hall, Walsall.1905. Arthur Hibbett’s Education Office was at the back of the building to the left I think.

NEXT POST: 1st June, 1916.


















South Staffordshire Badgee1/5th SOUTH STAFFORDS WAR DIARY.


3rd – 5th Mar.  In Billets. Battalion Training.


 Bertie in UniformPte BERTIE HIBBETT: LETTER to Marie Neal HIBBETT, 95 Foden Rd Walsall.

I sent you a Green last Sunday.

The Next Sunday before Lent. Mar 5/ 16

‘I am very proud to think that the British blood is not weakening but growing stronger’. (1)  ‘All our doings without CHARITY are nothing worth. (2)

Mother at Tea.
Mother at Tea.

My Very Dear Mother,

You will be pleased to know I did get your handsome Parcel of the 11th Feb: addressed to the Notts & Derbys.  If I ever told you that I suspected the men in the Batt. of keeping that parcel with ill intention I am ashamed of myself. 

No, I  could tell by their distinct manners & behaviour, of both officers & NCOs alike, that they would fain do  such  a thing.

All your letters & the parcel sent to the jolly, decent Sherwoods (3), (as they are called) have been forwarded to me & I did enjoy reading them too, & relished the Parcel immensely.

I got your letter of Feb. 28th enclosing Dodger’s scribbly one, but how excitable to read.  Oh no, Basil, your detailed account was not monotonous by far, it really drew my breath.  Again I emphasise that Basil, Harold & Sydney & Bertie have much to be grateful for to have such a brave & patient Mother.  And I must not leave out dear, dear Dad.  I put Mother’s calmness, during the raid (4), down to Dad’s encouragement & comfort shown towards Mummy, as they sat in the silent sternness by the fire, in the dark. Oh how my heart leaps to you dear Mum & how it touched me when I thought of the amusing incident of ‘Sentry Go’ by Ida & Dodger alternately. I pray that you will never have another alarm even, let alone a raid.

I received your parcel of Feb 28th.  What a lovely, soft, warm shirt and thank you for the (Walsall) Observer which I read with interest, as you will tell by the cuttings I have sent you.

Bishop of Lichfield
John Kempthorne,  Bishop of Lichfield and his daughter.

Yes I am of the opinion of our dear Bishop: “Was it not something of an honour that we, in what was a comparatively small way should share the pain & the sacrifice of the men who were laying down their lives for us–   (that underlined please note).

The raid, I might say, was not so comparatively ‘small’, in one sense of the phrase, as Basil also had the same idea as the Bishop I think that the raid, to you, was more of a catastrophe  than a bombardment is to us in effect.  For you must take into consideration that we out here have been used to the sound of guns – like Ben Battle, in ‘Faithless Nellie Grey (5) – ‘used to war’s alarms whereas you at Home have not only lived without the sound of a gun, but have had to bear anxiety & many sleepless nights (poor Mum) for thinking about us out here.  Yet to Dodger & Ida I guess the raid ’twould be most ‘dramatically bookish’, like a vivid story in a book put into practice.

Dearest Mum, I read the beautiful account of the loss of your Mayoress* & also the sad account of Ken Marshall* (6). I noticed you marked those columns with a cross, but you did not notice the marriageI think you can mingle sadness with gladness don’t you?  Did you notice the account of Pte. Robert Ball (7) that Queen Mary’s Scholar who was chums with Sydney & me & came to see you when we fired at Tame Valley Range (8)?  He had a rosy complexion, Bob, & I faintly remember him telling you he too had relatives in Ashton under Lyne. (9).

My word I did like that currant batch loaf & was able to get some butter, but this tinned stuff  is not so nice as yours.

Vernon was naughty for not using a little more discretion.  I shall have to pull him up aboot saying he last saw me scrubbing a floor. I was ordered dear Mum, I did not offer or volunteer to scrub and you must know that an order from a superior in the Army is what we call a DOOTY dear Mum. And then again, can I console you, & bring matters straight betwixt me & you & the gatepost, by just repeating what I read in the Parish Magazine you sent me.  –  The only undignified thing is scamped work.  All work of whatever kind is dignified’.

Of course, dear Mum, that doesn’t mean to say I shall put myself in the way to do charwoman’s work.

www.northeastmedals.co.uk queens_royal_west_surrey_regiment_badge2
Queens Royal West Surrey Regt. Badge. <http://www.northeastmedals.co.uk&gt;

I too have felt so, so happy after doing something for someone else, lending a hand to the Lambs (10) of the 3rd Line by carrying a rifle for my comrade marching on my right on a long, long, tiresome march I knew what it was to have sore feet & so did Lieut. Robinson. (11). He amused me by struggling with 3 rifles when he should have carried one. (12).

The title of the Frontispieces of the Feb. Mag.  struck me as the one you wrote in my prayer book in February 1911  –  Be thou faithful unto death & I will give you a crown of life’. (13)

My letter this Sunday is getting long.  I could fill all the pages of note paper you have sent me but I must now be on the close. 

Did you read that Ken Marshall* did not wish to apply for a Com: he humbly left that responsible position of an officer to another who was more capable.  I agree with him three parts of the way; the fourth part was responsible for my handing in the form you sent – E 536 (14).

Form E536.
Form E536.  Application for Commission in Territorial Force.  Held in National Archives.

I wrote to Dad, at his office, saying I needed a Birth Cert. & the other form.  Then, when we have gone a little ‘forrarder’,  all we shall do is to WAIT & SEE.

I am waiting patiently in high hopes for a speedy conclusion of Sydney’s application & shall be proud to see him in his TOGS I wrote to Harold the night before I got the shirt, and to Miss Foster* some few days ago.  Did you send her a stamp of mine? – hers is a pretty one. 

Hoping you are spending a typical Sunday.

Best love to all,  Bertie.

PS Did you get the Petit Parisiene (sic)(15) with that photo –  or did the Censor take it out ?  I am replying to a parcel from Miss Brookes* now.


Elizabeth Hibbett Webb.

Whilst Pte Bertie Hibbett was applying for a Commission in 3/5th Territorial Reserve Bn in UK, Serjeant Sydney Hibbett was applying for a Commission in 1/5th South Staffords, which would keep him out on the Western Front.

(1) Unknown Quotation. (2) Collect for Quinquagesima Sunday/next before Lent: Latin, literally ‘fiftieth’ day before Easter. Book of Common Prayer 1662.

(3) ‘Sherwoods‘/ The Sherwood Foresters i.e Notts & Derby Regt.  Pte Bertie Hibbett possibly attached to ‘Transport’ in 1/5th Bn Sherwoods Territorial Force which became the 139th Brigade in 46th Midland Divison.

Thomas Hood.

(4) Zeppelin Raid on Walsall. 31st Jan -1st Feb 1916.    (5) A Pathetic Ballad. Faithless Nellie Grey byThomas Hood. 1799-1845. English Poet & humourist.  Adapted by Bertie to fit his trench foot misery.  cf Letter: 29th Nov. 1915/his Father’s Birthday and 19th Dec 1916.

(6Mayoress Maria Julia Slater* killed in Zeppelin Raid & Ken Marshall* missing/wounded? cf Hibbett Letter 27th Feb 1916.  (7) Pte Robert Ball. QMS friend. Ref. account of his marriage in Walsall Observer? cf Hibbett Letter: 17th Dec. 1914. 

(8) Tame Valley Range. Army Firing Range near Walsall. (9) Ashton-under-Lyne: Marie Neal Hibbett’s (Yoxall) family home.

Lamb & Flag Badge of Queen's Royal Surrey regt.
Lamb & Flag Badge of Queen’s Royal Surrey Regt.

(10) Queen’s Royal Surrey Regt. had a Lamb & Flag badge (symbol of Christ’s Sacrifice & Resurrection. Many refs to the Lamb of God in John’s Gospel & in Revelation). 

(11) Lieutenant P.W. Robinson recently wounded in Bomb Accident. See Hibbett Letters: 28th Feb.1916; 9th Dec. 1915; 28th Nov. 1915; 16th Nov. 1916 (A Little Book of Words & Doings); 13th Oct. 1915. (refs to Captain Robinson of 6th Bn Sherwood Foresters & to a Chester Robinson/family member?)

(12) Rifle Rules/story/ training in Bedfordshire. Hibbett Letters: Sept – Dec. 1914.  (13) Faithful unto death. Rev. 2.10. Prayer Book given to Pte Bertie at his Confirmation.

(14) Form 536. Application for Commission in Territorial Force. The Long Long Trail. <http://www.1914-1918.net&gt;. 

Le Petit Par
Le Petit Parisien. 1902.

(15) Le Petit Parisien. French broadsheet newspaper. 1876 -1944. Largest circulation in world in 1927/ published WW1 propaganda posters.


NEXT POST:  13th MAR. 1916.


South Staffordshire Badgee1/5TH SOUTH STAFFORDS WAR DIARY


25th Oct.  Mon: ALLOUAGNE.  Marched to FOUQUIERES and went into billets.

26th – 31st Oct:  In Rest Billets.


Bertie in UniformPte BERTIE HIBBETT: LETTER to IDA & HAROLD HIBBETT, 95 Foden Rd. Walsall.

Lucky if this ‘Parchment of Rubbisharrives when you are both at Home again.

letter 27th oct 1915

Woden’s Day.  Oct 27/ 15

A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold in pictures of silver’.  28.11.  I can say these words from Proverbs truly apply to Mother, Father & all your letters, they have encouraged me so.

My Dearest Ida & Harold,

So Okoo (1) was at Home on Saturday.  I remember the good old days when Harold paid his weekly visit Home on Saturdays.  So if Harold was at Home he would be with Ida  Q.E.D.  You both remind me of the happy time when all the family dined together, & of the Sundays when we peeled oranges & cracked brazil nuts & crept up to Mummy’s bag of walnuts and Rowntrees Pastilles, of the time when Ida’s views & opinion clashed in opposition to Harold’s, of the time Okoo cried because Ida was walking slow & careless far behind.  Hoo, hoooo sh.

Dandelion Win-Clock.
Dandelion Wind-Clock. <https://www.bbc.life&gt;

And now, dear sister & brother do not see each other so often and the happy family, like a Dandelion Wind Clock, began to loosen those little seeds with hairy heads, & the first little hairy being, like a parachute, flew to Wolverhampton & thither to Yorkshire & the wind blew it all over the country, so that little seed saw a lot of the beauty of Rural England I hope that little seed will settle in good ground now & cause another wind clock to grow (2).

BoreasAnother little wind seed (3) was blown by ‘rude Boreas’ (4) to Little Tottam (5) thither elsewhere & at last settled in the very spot where it came from, after a very profitable flight, much to its little heart’s content; yes it is now settled in the sweetest spot on earth & is thriving splendidly, doing noble work.

Now there happened to be two little seeds which blew together (6), as is so often noticed with wind clocks. (6) Good kind old Boreas, in his admiration for them, bore them along over fair England and across the sea to the land of Chanticleer (7).  Now, though Boreas, with his strong breath, caused the two little seeds to part at times, he succeeded in bringing them together most times. 

One little seed was larger & finer than the other, it was older too & gained much favour from onlookers, its hairy head too was lovelier and larger than its brother seed, but they both loved each other & that is why jolly old Boreas did not allow his strong breath to spoil either of them.

Hibbett Family c. 1908.
Hibbett Family  c. 1908.  From Left:  Mother,  Bertie, Basil,  Ida and Sydney (‘who didn’t like his photo taken’), 106, Rowley St. Walsall or newly moved to 95, Foden Rd opposite.

There is still another little seed that is striving to get away from the Wind Clock (8), it has not grown enough yet, such a bonny little seed it is, but it is so anxious about its two brother seeds which are being blown together such a long way off.

Now there is a wonderful feeling of unity among these seeds & its is to be hoped they will one day be all joined together for a spree, a jolly big spree too.  Send me the solution if you think it worth while!

Part II

Father’s few words, in each of the letters in the parcels to us both, have bucked me up. I don’t know about Sydney, but I shall very likely be right 5 times out of 6 that they have bucked him up too I got the readable lettergloves & sou’wester for Sydney, this evening when I went to the Company billets to post letters to Mother & Miss Foster* (9), & of course wait to see if there was anything in the post.

The Transport came while I was there & I was in time to see them sorted.  From within the Parcel bag out came one for me addressed, I could see, by Harold, but when I opened it I saw firstly a letter from Dodger.  I compared the writing with that on the parcel & well if Basil doesn’t write somewhat like Harold at times! 

I opened & read the letters with jollification bubbling in my little sen, while I waited for Sydney to return from Parade.  He came at last & I gave him the letters & papers & brought away Harold’s & the London Observer (10) so that I could refer to them in this letter.

King Geore Vth
King Geore Vth

Tomorrow  –   the ‘Glory Boys’,  including Sergeant S. H., are to be reviewed by the King (11). Oh you know how humble, quiet , modest Sydney talks when such a palaver of ceremony is in preparation.  I believe he wishes he were me.  As for me I am ‘out of it’ altogether perhaps, most likely, I shan’t share in the sight tomorrow.

Oh!  Bombs. Ida’s making bombs.  I told Vernon & he was surprised in a way.  Bravo Ida.  Oh! my delicate spotty complexion, Harold, needs some face cream to hide the war-worn appearance.

Do you know what the Commanding Officer remarked in class about me?  We were all discussing  about the food & he said ‘Look at that chap’s fat face’,  but I said ‘I have been in Hospital (where we had Tapioca pudding)’ .  All my Tommy comrades say how fat I’ve growd (sic).

Food for the Front’ we read, but take care, be careful. ‘Too much Food, too much “Front” ’. ‘NUB‘ , as Vernon often said to meNigh to Bursting’.  Vernon, by the by, is in Hospital  ‘Somewhere’  & I saw a parcel for him tonight (12).

So much for tonightI am writing this in a barn by the candle light & there are two rude Tommies peeping over me to see how long I am going to write. – Goodnight.

Of course Harold will join as a Medical Officer (13).  I read in the Times that the War Office is in need of them more than the ordinary officer.  There are chapswhy even this afternoon I came across an NCO  who sincerely took the better side & viewed the circumstances in their better light & said that the men in England, who could easily come out here, must have many hours in uneasy thought.

Sydney will very likely tell you about the King’s Review (14), he has seen the King more times than anyone in the family. I did not go, nor did the bombing party.  I was quite out of itas I expected & felt somewhat sorry & envious of the ‘Glory Boys’.   When I think of our Good King George V I remember Mr Dixon’s sermon, when he said he would always stick fast to loyalty to the King & indeed of all KingsKing George should find a true & loyal heart in every one of his subjects. Don’t you think so? 

I think Sydney is a brother to be greatly proud of – his little history, since he was sworn in on Sept. 2 nd 1914  is as follows:

Luton.  Paraded in civilian dress to be inspected by the General of the DivisionHis broad & tall stature admired by the General who spoke a few words to him. (15)

Walsall Tame Valley Range Distinguished himself in shooting to the extent that he was clapped often by the men.

Luton RangesGained the highest scoring in the Battalion .

Saffron Walden started training as a sniper & distinguished himself in musketry courses.

France. May 1915 – made Lance Corporal.  Sept.1915 – CorporalOct. 1915SergeantJan 1916?let’s hope for better still. 

Best love to you all,

Poor old Private Bertie Arfer.

PS  What think you of Servia? (16).



(1)  ‘Okoo’ – another nickname for Basil Hibbett. (2) Harold Victor Hibbett: recently engaged to Hilda Bore*.  Qualified Chemist & Pharmacist under pressure to join up at 31 yrs.

(3) Ida Neal Hibbett: now settled at Home in Walsall. (4) Boreas: purple-winged God of the North Wind, bringer of Winter. <www.theoi.com/Titanhtpl>

(5) Little Tottam in Essex? – first mention of Ida being in Essex.  (6) Sydney & Bertie Hibbett: only 1 year & 1 month between them. As close & as loyal as twins.

(7) Chanticleer: Gallic Rooster/symbol of France from Roman times / play on gallus (Latin for ‘rooster’) & Gallic).  Character in Nun’s Priest’s Tale /Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales.

(8)  Basil Hibbett: the youngest.  Still at School but preparing to join up. (9) Mary Foster, Bertie’s Godmother in Nottingham.

(10) The London Observer: 1791. World’s oldest Sunday Newspaper. 1915 Owner: Waldorf Astor /Editor: James L. Garvin .

(11) The King’s Review of the ‘Glory Boys’ (those who had been in the Battle of Loos -Hohenzollern Redoubt). Second Visit to review Allied Forces in France with Gen. Joffre & President M. Raymond Poincare.  Gave Gen. Joffre a message of congratulations for French Troops. Pte Bertie need not have envied his brother. Sydney was to suffer the consequences (See 2nd Nov. 1915 Hibbett Letter) and the King fell from his horse & was seriously injured, 27th Oct. 1915. <https://www.royalcentral.co.uk&gt; and <https://en.wikipedia.org&gt;

(12) Vernon in Hospital so would not receive his parcel. (13) Harold under pressure from the National Registration Act 1915.  Bertie’s  attempts to reassure his Mother that Harold would escape being  a private.

(14) King George Vth’s ‘dedication to duty’ kept middle classes loyal to the King in WW1 (15)  cf. Hibbett Letters Oct.1914-Feb.1915. General of 46th Midland Division: Major General E. J. Montagu-Stuart Wortley.

Crossing Albanian Mountains to Adriatic Sea 1915.
Serbian refugees trek across Albanian Mountains to Adriatic Sea .1915.  200,000 died.

(16) Servia:  Invasion of Serbia Oct. 1915 by Austro-German & Bulgarian Army. Over 20% of Serbian population died of which 60% were men. ‘The Albanian Golgotha’ (‘Place of the Scull’ outside Jerusalem walls, where Jesus was crucified. Mark 15.22).  200,000 died in trek through Albanian mountains to Adriatic Sea (of cold, starvation and disease/ typhus). Survivors transported by Allied ships to Greek Islands. Many ‘buried’ strapped together at sea in ‘Blue Graveyard’ near Greek island of Vido.

NEXT POST: 2nd Nov. 1915.  The King’s Review & its consequences for the ‘Glory Boys’.